How does this work?
Unicode — the standard set of characters used by all computers — doesn’t explicitly define a superscript alphabet. So, this tool works by combining characters from different sets to create one.
International Phonetic Alphabet
ᵃ ᵇ ᶜ ᵈ ᵉ ᶠ ᵍ ʰ ᶦ ʲ ᵏ ˡ ᵐ ᵒ ᵖ ᵠ ʳ ˢ ᵗ ᵘ ᵛ ʷ ˣ ʸ ᶻ
Combining diacritical marks
Superscripts and subscripts
ⁿ ⁰ ⁴ ⁵ ⁶ ⁷ ⁸ ⁹ ⁺ ⁻ ⁼ ⁽ ⁾
Latin Supplement (added in 1993)
¹ ² ³
Modifier Tone Letters
What’s the diference between the two styles?
Almost every letter of the alphabet has a good superscript alternative. It’s just ‘i’ and ‘q’ that are missing. The two styles deal with this issue in different ways.
Style 1: This uses ᶦ and ᵠ. This has the benefit of working well in most places online, but there’s no dot on the i and that is clearly not a q.
Style 2: This style uses three characters for the i; a combining diacritical mark (i)—a glyph that combines with the previous letter, a zero-width space to stop the i from combining, and a “hair space” to add a gap between the i and the next letter.
The Q is created using the same character as the superscript o and a combining tilde overlay ~, this isn’t a perfect solution by any means, and these two alternative letters will sometimes fail to render correctly.
Another alternative is to avoid writing about quails, quince, etc…
When should I use superscript?
You are entitled to use this tool whenever and wherever you feel like it. That being said, there are some specific use cases.
If you need to use Chicago Style¹ citations but don’t have access to a regular superscript, this tool can fill the gap.
Although 1st, 2nd and 3rd are perfectly acceptable, you may want to spice things up with 1ˢᵗ, 2ⁿᵈ, and 3ʳᵈ.
Writing powers with superscript — 𝓍⁹ — looks way better than using a circumflex — 𝓍^9